How Boris Johnson went from tiers to lockdown in just 36 hours

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Boris Johnson tonight defended his screeching coronavirus U-turn that closed faculties as a part of a brand new nationwide lockdown in England. 

The Authorities’s response to the coronavirus disaster has been repeatedly punctuated by damaging flip-flops, however final night time’s announcement trumped all of them. 

The Prime Minister informed the nation that the speedy unfold of a brand new, extra infectious variant of the illness meant he had no alternative however to order folks to remain at house. 

However simply 36 hours earlier Mr Johnson was encouraging dad and mom to ship their youngsters again to school rooms this week and insisting harder restrictions ‘could also be’ required ‘within the subsequent few weeks’.   

Finally it was chilly, onerous statistics that prompted Mr Johnson to carry out the dramatic volte-face. 

Questions have been requested about whether or not he was conscious that instances had reached 80,000 per day on December 29 earlier than he went on the BBC’s Andrew Marr programme on Sunday – January 3 – to insist faculties had been secure to maintain instructing. 

Dealing with the nation in a press convention tonight, Mr Johnson mentioned: ‘It’s essential to know now we have been wanting on the new variant very onerous since we first grew to become conscious of its speedy unfold on December 18.

‘It’s been clear that the Tier 4 measures had been one thing that we needed to judge and over the course of the times main as much as Sunday clearly, like everyone else within the nation we had been hoping we might begin to see some impression and that we might be capable of hold faculties open….

‘However what we clearly needed to take care of was figures – not simply the choice by the 4 CMOs to go as much as alert degree 5, however figures – for the an infection charge, of 80,000 someday then 65,000 the subsequent.  

Boris Johnson tonight defended his screeching coronavirus U-turn that closed schools as part of a new national lockdown in England as he faced questions in Downing Street

Boris Johnson tonight defended his screeching coronavirus U-turn that closed faculties as a part of a brand new nationwide lockdown in England as he confronted questions in Downing Avenue

Boris Johnson

Boris Johnson

Boris Johnson informed the Andrew Marr Present on Sunday (pictured left) that folks ought to ship their youngsters again to major faculty this week. However the PM then introduced yesterday night (pictured proper) that every one faculties throughout England will stay shut till the center of February as he imposed one other nationwide lockdown

The Prime Minister's screeching U-turn was prompted by new data which showed there were more than 80,000 positive tests for coronavirus on December 29 - a new record

The Prime Minister’s screeching U-turn was prompted by new knowledge which confirmed there have been greater than 80,000 constructive exams for coronavirus on December 29 – a brand new document

Meanwhile, the number of Covid patients in hospitals in England almost hit 27,000 on January 4, an increase of nearly one third in the space of just one week

In the meantime, the variety of Covid sufferers in hospitals in England nearly hit 27,000 on January 4, a rise of practically one third within the house of only one week

The Authorities’s U-turn on the return of colleges in full

December 14: Schooling Secretary Gavin Williamson threatened councils with authorized motion in the event that they refused to reopen faculties in January. 

December 15: The Authorities introduced that each secondary faculty and school in England could be given entry to speedy coronavirus exams from January.

December 17: Ministers introduced that the return of secondary faculty and school pupils to the classroom within the New 12 months could be staggered within the first week of January.

December 22: The Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (SAGE) suggested ministers that secondary faculties ought to keep shut in January to sluggish the unfold of coronavirus.  

December 31: Gavin Williamson introduced that the beginning of time period could be pushed again to present faculties extra time to place in place mass testing services. A majority of pupils had been attributable to return on January 18 as an alternative of January 11. Primaries in hotspot areas had been informed they needed to keep shut from January 4. 

January 1: The Authorities mentioned that every one major faculties in London would stay shut however ministers urged faculties elsewhere to reopen as deliberate.

January 3: Boris Johnson urged dad and mom to ship primary-age youngsters again to high school, insisting there may be ‘little doubt’ faculties are secure. The PM mentioned schooling is a ‘precedence’.    

January 4: Within the morning Division for Schooling officers had been reportedly informed that there have been no plans to shut faculties or to cancel exams in the summertime. Mr Johnson introduced that faculties had been closing in his tackle to the nation at 8pm. 

‘It was clear that we had acquired to a scenario the place Tier 4 by itself couldn’t be relied upon to get the virus below management. That’s with out actually going the entire approach and asking folks to remain at house and sadly to shut faculties as effectively.

‘That’s the reason we took the step that we did. I respect the frustration of academics and oldsters and clearly the frustration of pupils.’

The PM tonight revealed that one in 50 of the inhabitants of England – round 1,000,000 folks – are contaminated with coronavirus as he defended his U-turn to plunge the nation into lockdown.

He informed the Downing Avenue briefing that the scorching unfold of the mutant model of the illness meant there was ‘no alternative’ about imposing lockdown.

However he insisted the measures can get the scenario below management whereas vaccines are rolled out – revealing that 1.3million folks have now had jabs as he dismissed criticism that he’s ‘over-promising’ about essentially the most weak classes being coated by mid-February.

Mr Johnson vowed to present the nation ‘jab by jab’ details about the essential course of.

Mr Johnson’s prime scientific specialists, led by Chief Medical Officer for England Professor Chris Whitty, yesterday introduced him with knowledge which confirmed the variety of Covid-19 sufferers in hospitals in England had nearly hit 27,000 on January 4.

That quantity represented a rise of practically one third within the house of simply seven days.  

The height of hospital admissions through the first wave final yr was 18,974 which was recorded on April 12. 

Meaning hospital admissions at the moment are 40 per cent above the best degree seen through the first wave.    

The PM was additionally informed that on December 29 greater than 80,000 folks examined constructive for the illness throughout the UK – a brand new document – with an additional 65,571 instances recorded on December 30. 

The variety of deaths had additionally elevated by 20 per cent in every week whereas the case charge in England as much as December 30 was over 518 per 100,000 folks.

That quantity is 3 times the extent recorded on December 1 when the case charge stood at 151.3 per 100,000. 

Consultants warned Mr Johnson that instances are rising quickly in each a part of the nation. 

The UK’s 4 chief medical officers then introduced simply after 6pm that that they had really helpful the Covid alert degree be elevated from Degree 4 to the highest Degree 5 for the primary time. 

Degree 5 means there’s a threat of healthcare companies being overwhelmed inside 21 days except pressing motion is taken. 

Mixed, the numbers and warnings painted such a grim image that Mr Johnson moved instantly to impose one other nationwide lockdown, lasting till no less than the center of February. 

Addressing the nation from 10 Downing Avenue at 8pm yesterday night, the PM mentioned: ‘With a lot of the nation already below excessive measures, it’s clear that we have to do extra, collectively, to convey this new variant below management whereas our vaccines are rolled out.

‘In England, we should due to this fact go right into a nationwide lockdown which is hard sufficient to comprise this variant.

‘Meaning the Authorities is as soon as once more instructing you to remain at house.’

On the problem of colleges, the PM mentioned: ‘As a result of we now should do every little thing we probably can to cease the unfold of the illness, major faculties, secondary faculties and schools throughout England should transfer to distant provision from tomorrow, apart from weak youngsters and the youngsters of key employees.’    

Whitehall insiders have burdened that the character of the pandemic signifies that selections are sometimes taken in a rush due to quickly altering proof and new professional recommendation.   

However the tempo and breadth of yesterday’s U-turn set a brand new excessive bar for Authorities chaos as critics requested why the PM had not acted sooner. 

They identified that the info had proven rising case numbers and hospital admissions for various weeks.

In the meantime, Authorities specialists had warned on the finish of December that ministers wanted to take robust new nationwide motion with a purpose to keep away from a ‘disaster’ within the New 12 months. 

Sir Ed Davey, the chief of the Liberal Democrats, claimed Mr Johnson had ‘waited till the eleventh hour’ to behave and argued the lockdown ought to have been introduced earlier than Christmas. 

Sir Ed mentioned Mr Johnson had ‘ducked the troublesome selections, did not hearken to specialists and acted too late’. 

On Sunday morning Mr Johnson was encouraging dad and mom to ship their primary-age youngsters again to high school this week as he advised new draconian curbs, whereas possible inevitable, wouldn’t be rolled out no less than for the subsequent few days. 

Requested on the BBC’s Andrew Marr Present if dad and mom of major faculty youngsters ought to ship them again to the classroom, the PM replied ‘sure, completely’.  

He added: ‘So I would advise all dad and mom enthusiastic about what to do, have a look at the place your space is: overwhelmingly you may be in part of the nation the place major faculties tomorrow will probably be open.’ 

Mr Johnson mentioned the Authorities had ‘actually fought very onerous all through this pandemic throughout the nation to maintain faculties open’ and insisted that ‘faculties are secure’. 

On the problem of whether or not restrictions could be elevated, Mr Johnson mentioned: ‘It might be that we have to do issues within the subsequent few weeks that will probably be harder in lots of components of the nation. I am absolutely, absolutely reconciled to that.’      

Mr Johnson additionally repeated what has turn out to be the Authorities’s mantra in current weeks as he mentioned all measures could be stored ‘below fixed overview’. 

The latest data was presented to Mr Johnson by experts led by Professor Chris Whitty, the Chief Medical Officer for England, who last night recommended the UK Covid alert level be elevated to the top Level 5 for the first time. Prof Whitty is pictured arriving in Downing Street yesterday

The most recent knowledge was introduced to Mr Johnson by specialists led by Professor Chris Whitty, the Chief Medical Officer for England, who final night time really helpful the UK Covid alert degree be elevated to the highest Degree 5 for the primary time. Prof Whitty is pictured arriving in Downing Avenue yesterday 

Authorities U-turns through the Covid disaster

Face masks: In March, Authorities specialists mentioned masks are ‘not a good suggestion’ for the common member of the general public. In Could folks in England had been suggested to put on one on public transport. It grew to become obligatory in June.

Banning mass gatherings: SAGE specialists mentioned on March 11 the UK was not banning massive gatherings as a result of ‘these types of occasions… usually are not seen to be one thing which goes to have an enormous impact’. The PM imposed a nationwide lockdown on the finish of March.

Mass testing: Widespread neighborhood testing was stopped in the midst of March as Authorities specialists mentioned ‘there comes a degree in a pandemic the place that isn’t an applicable intervention’. Ministers subsequently made ramping up testing functionality one in every of their most important goals.

Exams: The closure of colleges through the first lockdown prompted exams to be cancelled, with grades calculated utilizing an algorithm. In August Ministers initially caught by the algorithm grades earlier than then backing down after public outcry as a result of 40 per cent of grades had been decrease than trainer estimates.

Quantity 10 aides went to mattress on Sunday night time believing that the PM may transfer extra tier 3 areas into tier 4 this week as the subsequent step within the Authorities’s coronavirus response. 

A brand new nationwide lockdown being imminent didn’t appear to be on the playing cards. 

Nonetheless, Mr Johnson signalled a doubtlessly hardening of his stance yesterday morning.  

Talking throughout a go to to Chase Farm Hospital in north London to satisfy a number of the first folks to obtain the Oxford vaccine, Mr Johnson mentioned there have been ‘robust robust’ weeks to come back.

He added: ‘Should you have a look at the numbers there is not any query we should take harder measures and we will probably be asserting these in the end.’

Nonetheless, he nonetheless gave the impression to be of the view that faculties throughout England ought to stay open wherever potential. 

He mentioned: ‘The chance to academics, and naturally we’ll do every little thing we will to guard academics, however the threat to academics isn’t any larger than it’s to anybody else.

‘The explanations for wanting to maintain faculties open I feel are very, very highly effective.’ 

The brand new knowledge introduced to Mr Johnson prompted a rethink of his technique, with Quantity 10 deciding by yesterday afternoon that the PM would tackle the nation within the night to announce a brand new lockdown. 

The PM’s Covid ‘S’ Cupboard sub-committee signed off on the plans late within the afternoon earlier than they had been then introduced to the broader Cupboard.

The choice to maintain faculties shut got here after a rumbling Cupboard cut up on the problem. 

Mr Johnson had initially backed Schooling Secretary Gavin Williamson who argued for a staggered return to the classroom this month.

However Michael Gove, the Minister for the Cupboard Workplace, and Matt Hancock, the Well being Secretary, had been mentioned to have been pushing for faculties to shut due to fears over the unfold of the virus, in response to the Monetary Instances. 

The information introduced to Mr Johnson yesterday prompted him to ditch Mr Williamson’s plans because the premier determined all faculties should shut and exams of their present type should be cancelled.

One Cupboard supply conceded there had been tensions over the faculties resolution and the place shifted late, however insisted the general public understood that the scenario was altering quick. 

‘You attempt to hold every little thing open till the strain on NHS is simply an excessive amount of and it’s a must to defend folks,’ the supply informed MailOnline. 

‘There are simply no straightforward selections obtainable.’ 



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